If you are someone who loves poetry or quatrains, this Madhushala (Hindi) is the one for you. A famous work in Indian poetry, this collection of quatrains is written by the eminent poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan.
About the Author
Harivansh Rai Bachchan was a one of the most renowned poets in Indian history. Some of his other works are Sopaan, Pranay Patrika, Basere Se Door, Yamini, Nisha Nimantran, Madhubala, Madhukalash and Kya Bhooloon Kya yaad Karoon.
Bachchan was born in 1907 near Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh and attended Allahabad University and Banaras Hindu University. He started his career as English teacher and later pursued his doctoral studies from Cambridge University in 1952. Before he joined the External Affairs Ministry in 1955, he also worked at All India Radio for some time.
He translated many of the works of Shakespeare to Hindi that includes some famous works such as Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello and King Lear. Government of India honoured him with Sahitya Akademi Award, the Padma Bhushan Award and a nomination to the Rajya Sabha for his remarkable contribution to the Indian Literature. He is also the father of the famous Hindi film actor, Amitabh Bachchan.
About the Book
The author has written this famous work - Madhushala in 1935 influenced by the Rubaiyat of famous Urdu poet, Omar Khayyam. Madhushala meaning "The House of Wine" is a collection of 135 quatrains that are four line stanzas. All the verses are related to Madhushala or the tavern and end with the word Madhushala. This book was written during the Chhayavaad literary movement.
Essence of Madhushala
The poet beautifully conveys the complexity of life through the four tools that almost appear in all the verses, madhu, madira or haala (wine), saaki (server), pyaala (cup or glass) and Madhushala, madiralaya (pub/bar).
The verses are depicted as a symbolism of the philosophical tinge and showcase the Sufi spell. They implicate the ups and downs in life with unspoken comparison of life with the wine, server and the glass. The portrayal of the hidden meanings and metaphors made the author to be recognized all over the world. The poem recites the facade of human life like greed, love, anger and grief. As a reader you will get to know, why the wine has been used as a metaphor for reflection of life. The author had spoke about blind ways of living life and the sorrow every common man faces. In some way or other, it is sure to strike the sensitive issues that every person faces in their personal life.
Even Mahatma Gandhi had appreciated Bachchan's incredible work. The personal narration of the work by the author himself was the rising trend then in any social gatherings and poetic conversations.
Also the work met some criticism at the initial stage for the appraisal of alcohol. Madhushala was so famous that it was staged and performed by popular dancers all over the world. A selected set of stanzas were chosen and sung by Manna Dey, a famous singer and the music was composed by Jaidev. The first one was sung by Bachchan himself. The audio was released by HMV.